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Fulcrum is a field inspection management platform built to streamline safety and quality processes, field operations, and asset inspections, especially for mobile teams.
As companies get fully back to work following several tumultuous years, OSHA is reasserting its presence and re-emphasizing the importance of workplace safety.
Effective January 5, 2023, OSHA raised the penalty rate to $15,625 per violation (up from $14.502). Eleven days later, OSHA provided new guidance for inspectors doing Instance-by-Instance (IBI) and “grouping” citations, two initiatives that will increase the scope and impact of its enforcement when they come into effect at the end of March.
By increasing fines and allowing for different ways of assessing penalties – alongside increasing its inspection workforce by 19% in 2022 – OSHA is making a clear statement, one that all EHS professionals should heed: it’s more important than ever to have a safe, compliant workplace and ensure safety programs are OSHA-ready.
Join us as we break down OSHA’s new measures and look at how digital field safety inspection software can both protect workers from harm and workplaces from OSHA liability.
Inspectors can now cite “high-gravity” serious violations of OSHA standards as Instance-by-Instance (IBI) citations. This means that instead of one blanket penalty for several instances of the same violation, non-compliant businesses will be cited for each instance of the violation throughout the worksite, with the potential for much higher fines overall.
For example, consider a 200-meter trench dug at a horizontal construction site. If the trench does not comply with sloping requirements in five different places, instead of citing once for non-compliant trench sloping, OSHA examiners can cite each instance of sloping variance for violation, with the same fine levied for each instance.
This a significant departure from previous OSHA policy, which only considered willfully egregious cases where employers intentionally disregarded or were indifferent to health and safety standards. The new IBI policy will greatly increase the potential number of citations and result in significantly higher penalty amounts.
OSHA is also looking to cite more violations separately rather than grouping them together.
Previously, when two or more violations constituted a single hazardous condition, OSHA inspectors often “grouped” several violations into one citation. However, the agency’s new initiative discourages grouping violations when there is evidence that violations are separate and distinct.
Returning to our trench example, OSHA requires employers to provide ladders or other safe means of egress for workers in trench excavations 4 feet or deeper. At the same time, they also require all trench workers be protected from materials falling or rolling into an excavation by keeping equipment at least 2 feet from the edge of the trench. For example, let’s say a ladder that is used to enter and exit the trench is not firmly secured (violation #1), but instead is placed by the edge of the trench (violation #2) for workers to freely reach up and use it at will. Previously, an inspector would have likely grouped these related violations together into one citation, but is now encouraged to issue two separate citations.
By citing violations separately, OSHA hopes to create a more accurate picture of the hazards present in the workplace and encourage employers to take steps to address each violation. Much like IBI citation, discouraging “grouping” will result in higher total penalty amounts and more total violations for employers.
OHS professionals need to prepare for these updated enforcement standards by reviewing their current safety and health programs, retraining employees on workplace safety where necessary, and investing in the right tools to make this happen.
Let’s look at a few ways digital field safety inspection software protects workers from harm and workplaces from OSHA liability.
OSHA’s new penalty and citation framework signals the renewed urgency with which the agency is enforcing workplace safety – and should rightfully change how you both view and respond to compliance measures.
Digital inspection management tools make it easy to be OSHA-compliant because they make safety easy. Day in, day out, user-friendly and automated digital platforms guide workers to better, safer work, promote community reporting, and ensure timely remediation of safety issues – all before OSHA even shows up. In other words, a digital field safety inspection platform like Fulcrum is the apple a day that keeps OSHA at bay.
Prepare for the new OSHA penalty and enforcement guidance by signing up for a free trial of Fulcrum’s industry-leading safety inspection platform.